The following bibliography is broken up into several parts:
Songbooks cited in the Heritage Songbook itself
Histories of Minnesota and other Minnesota-related references cited in the Heritage Songbook.
Other books cited in the Heritage Songbook
Specialized Songbooks with relevance to Minnesota. Not all of these books were cited in the Heritage Songbook, but they contain folk songs related to Minnesota’s most important industries.
Song Sources cited in the Minnesota Heritage Songbook
- Odell Bjerkness, Falcon Heights
- John Healy, Saint Paul
- Anne B. Anderson, Bemidji (via her daughter Margaret Anderson)
- Edgar MSS: Papers of William Crowell Edgar, publisher of The Bellman, and his daughter Marjorie Edgar — Minnesota Historical Society. Most of Marjorie Edgar’s Finnish collections can be found in Joyce E. Hakala’s edition of Edgar’s works (see below). Edgar also assembled many folk songs in English and other languages, some of which may have been collected in Minnesota, but lack of time and the tremendous volume of the Edgar papers made it impossible to fully examine them or verify songs except for the Finnish material studied by Hakala.
- Johnson MS: Manuscript song sheet by John James Johnson, now in the possession of Doris Chriswell, Palmyra, NY
- Stanchfield MSS: Bessie Stanchfield Papers — Minnesota Historical Society. Probably the single most important unpublished archive of Minnesota musical material, though much of what it contains is derivative (mostly from Dean and Rickaby) and the remainder has very little organization. Stanchfield published two papers on folk song — one on “Old Granny Wales” and one on “The Beauty of the West,” a (rather forced) song about Minnesota, based on the well-known folk song “The Lily of the West” (“Florella”).
- Belden: H. M. Belden, Ballads and Songs Collected by the Missouri Folk-Lore Society, University of Missouri Press, second edition, 1955
- Blegen/Ruud: Theodore C. Blegen and Martin B. Ruud, Norwegian Emigrant Songs and Ballads (with song harmonizations by Gunnra J. Malmin), Arno Press, 1936, 1979
- Burt: Olive Woolley Burt, American Murder Ballads and Their Stories,Oxford University Press, 1958
- Botkin/American:B. A. Botkin, A Treasury of American Folklore, Crown, 1944
- Botkin/Mississippi: B. A. Botkin, A Treasury of Mississippi River Folklore, American Legacy, 1955
- Bronson: Bertrand H. Bronson, The Traditional Tunes of the Child Ballads: With Their Texts, According to the Extant Records of Great Britain and America, four volumes, Princeton, 1959-1972
- Cazden/Haufrecht/Studer: Norman Cazden, Herbert Haufrecht, Norman Studer, Folk Songs of the Catskills, State University of New York Press (1982)
- Child:Francis James Child, The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, 1882-1898 (I use the 1965 Dover five-volume reprint set)
- Cohen: Norm Cohen, Long Steel Rail: The Railroad in American Folksong University of Illinois Press, 1981, 2000
- Colcord: Joanna C. Colcord, Songs of American Sailormen, revised edition, W. W. Norton & Company, 1938
- Dean: M[ichael] C[assius] Dean, The Flying Cloud and One Hundred and Fifty Other Old Time Songs and Ballads of Outdoor Men, Sailors, Lumber Jacks, Soldiers, Men of the Great Lakes, Railroadmen, Miners, etc., Private printing by The Quickprint of Virginia, MN, 1922. This is the single largest collection of songs from a Minnesota singer
ever assembled, and was the most important source of material for the Minnesota
Heritage Songbook. An annotated copy of Dean can be found on the Heritage Songbook CD.
- Doerflinger:William Main Doerflinger, Songs of the Sailor and Lumberman, revised edition, Macmillan, 1972 (first edition, 1951, published as Shantymen and Shantyboys)
- Edgar: Joyce E. Hakala, The Rowan Tree: The Lifework of Marjorie Edgar with her Finnish Folk Song Collection Songs from Metsola, Pikebone Music, 2007. Note: Much of this material can be heard in field recordings in the Library of Congress, collected by Sidney Robertson Cowell, who gathered songs throughout the Midwest and worked with Edgar in Minnesota.
- Fowke/Johnston: Edith Fowke & Richard Johnston, Chansons de Québec/Folk Songs of Quebec, Waterloo Music Company, 1957
- Fowke/Johnston-Canada1: Edith Fowke & Richard Johnston, Folk Songs of Canada, first edition, Waterloo Music Company, 1954
- Fowke/Mills/Blume: Edith Fowke, Alan Mills, Helmut Blume, Canada’s Story in Song, W. J. Gage Limited (undated but probably from 1960)
- Gray: Roland Palmer Gray, Songs and Ballads of the Maine Lumberjacks (with Other Songs from Maine), Cambridge, 1925
- Hugill: Stan Hugill, Shanties from the Seven Seas, Mystic Seaport (abridged) edition, Mystic Seaport, 1994
- Huntington: Gale Huntington, Songs the Whalemen Sang, second edition, Dover, 1970
- Kennedy: Peter Kennedy, Folksongs of Britain and Ireland, 1975; Oak edition, 1984
- Lawrence: Vera Brodsky Lawrence, Music for Patriots, Politicians, and Presidents: Harmonies and Discords of the First Hundred Years, Macmillan, 1975
- Laws: Malcolm Laws, Native American Balladry, revised edition, American Folklore Society, 1964 AND American Balladry from British Broadsides, American Folklore Society, 1957 (two volumes with distinct titles, but really one work; Laws Numbers proceed continuously from Native American Balladry to American Balladry from British Broadsides)
- Leach: MacEdward Leach, Folk Songs and Ballads of the Lower Labrador Coast, National Museum of Canada, 1965
- Nute: Grace Lee Nute, The Voyageur, 1931, reprinted Minnesota Historical Society Press 1987 (primarily a history text, but with a large section of songs)
- Ohrlin: Glenn Ohrlin, The Hell-Bound Train: A Cowboy Songbook, University of Illinois, 1989
- Peters: Harry B. Peters, Folk Songs Out of Wisconsin, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1977
- Randolph: Vance Randolph, Ozark Folksongs, four volumes, 1946-1950; second printing with introduction by W, K. McNeil (and the omission of a few songs) University of Minnesota Press, 1980
- Rickaby: Franz Rickaby, Ballads and Songs of the Shanty-Boy, Harvard University Press, 1926. The other major published
source of Minnesota songs; Rickaby travelled around the midwest collecting logging songs, taking many of them from Minnesota sources, including M. C. Dean
as well as A. C. Hannah, who clearly had an ear for magnificent tunes.
- Sandburg: Carl Sandburg, The American Songbag,1927, 1955; paperback edition (undated) by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich
- Saunders/Root: Steven Saunders and Deane L. Root, The Music of Stephen C. Foster: A Critical Edition. Volume 2, 1856-1869, Smithsonian, 1990
- Silber: Irwin Silber, Soldier Songs and Home-Front Ballads of the Civil War, Oak, 1964
- Silber/Robinson: Irwin Silber, editor, and Earl Robinson, music editor, Songs of the Great American West, Macmillan, 1967
- Warner: Anne Warner, Traditional American Folk Songs from the Anne & Frank Warner Collection, Syracuse University Press, 1984
- Wolford: Leah Jackson Wolford, M.A., The Play-Party in Indiana, Indiana Historical Commission, 1916
- Spaeth/History: Sigmund Spaeth, A History of Popular Music in America, Random House, 1948
- Wilgus: D. K. Wilgus, Anglo-American Folk Song Scholarship Since 1898, Rutgers, 1959
References for Minnesota History
- Beck: Paul N. Beck, Soldier, Settler, and Sioux: Fort Ridgeley and the Minnesota River Valley 1858-1867, The Center for Western Studies, 2000
- Blegen: Theodore C. Blegen, Minnesota: A History of the State, 1963; second edition (with a concluding chapter by Rossell W. Fridley), University of Minnesota Press, 1975
- Blegen/Jordan: Theodore H. Blegen and Philip D. Jordan, editors, With Various Voices: Recordings of North Star Life, Itasca Press, 1949
- Bourrie: Mark Bourrie, Many a Midnight Ship: True Stories of Great Lakes Shipwrecks, University of Michigan Press, 2005
- Bowen:Dana Thomas Bowen, Lore of the Lakes, Lakeside Printing Company, 1940-1944
- Carley: Kenneth Carley, Minnesota in the Civil War, Ross & Haines Books, Inc., 1961
- Feest/Kasprycki: Christian F. Feest and Sylvia S. Kasprycki, Peoples of the Twilight: European Views of Native Minnesota 1823 to 1862, Afton Historical Society Press, 1999
- Folwell: William Watts Folwell, A History of Minnesota, Volume I, revised edition, Minnesota Historical Society, 1956
- Gilman/Holmquist: Rhonda R. Gilman and June Drenning Holmquist, editors, Selections from Minnesota History; A Fiftieth Anniversary Anthology, Minnesota Historical Society, 1965
- Haugen/Cai: Einar Haugen and Camille Cai, Ole Bull: Norway’s Romantic Musician and Cosmopolitan Patriot, University of Wisconsin, 1993
- Havinghurst: Walter Havinghurst, The Long Ships Passing: The Story of the Great Lakes, 1941, revised edition 1975, reprinted University of Minnesota Press, 2002
- Huntington: George Huntington, Robber and Hero: The Story of the Northfield Bank Raid, 1895; edition with new introduction by John McGuigan, Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1986
- Imholte: John Quinn Imholte, The First Volunteers: History of the First Minnesota Volunteer Regiment — 1861-1865, Ross & Haines Books, Inc., 1963
- Jones: Evan Jones, The Minnesota: Forgotten River, Holt Rinehart Winston, 1962
- Jordan: Philip D. Jordan, “The Hutchinson Family in the Story of American Music,” originally published in Minnesota History magazine, volume 22 (1941) and reprinted on pp. 107-122 of Rhonda R. Gilman and June Drenning Holmquist, Selections from Minnesota History, A Fiftieth Anniversary Anthology, Minnesota Historical Society, 1965
- Lass: William E. Lass, Minnesota: A History, W. W. Norton & Company,1977, 1983
- Merrick: George Byron Merrick, Old Times on the Upper Mississippi: Reflections of a Steamboat Pilot form 1854 to 1863, Arthur H. Clark, 1909; University of Minnesota Press, 2001
- Moe: Richard Moe, The Last Full Measure: The Life and Death of the First Minnesota Volunteers, second printing with a foreward by James MacGregor Burns, Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1993, 2001
- Ratigan: William Ratigan, Great Lakes Shipwrecks & Survivals, 1960; revised edition, Eerdmans, 1977
- Risjord: Norman K. Risjord, A Popular History of Minnesota, Minnesota Historical Society, 2005
- Thompson: Mark L. Thomson, Graveyard of the Lakes, Wayne State University Press, 2000
- Trenerry: Walter N. Trenerry, Murder in Minnesota, Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1962, 1985
- Wolff: Julius F. Wolff Jr., Lake Superior Shipwrecks, Lake Superior Port Cities Inc., Duluth, 1990
- Ziebarth/Ominsky: Marilyn Ziebarth and Alan Ominsky, Fort Snalling: Anchor Post of the Northwest, Minnesota Historical Society, 1970
Other References cited in the Heritage Songbook
- Borneman-1763: Walter R. Borneman, The French & Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, HarperCollins, 2006
- Borneman-1812: Walter R. Borneman, 1812: The War That Forged a Nation, Harper Perennial, 2004, 2005
- Catton-ComingFury: Bruce Catton, The Coming Fury (Volume I of The Centennial History of the Civil War), Doubleday, 1961; Pocket Books, 1967
- Current/Williams/Freidel: Richard N. Current, T. Harry Williams, Frank Freidel, American History: A Survey, second edition, Alfred A. Knopf, 1966
- Hill: Pamela Smith Hill, Laura Ingalls Wilder: A Writer’s Life, South Dakota State Historical Society Press, 2007
- McPherson: James M. McPherson: Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era, part of the Oxford History of the United States, Oxford, 1988
- Miller: John E. Miller, Becoming Laura Ingalls Wilder: The Woman behind the Legend, University of Missouri Press, 1998
- Morison: Samuel Eliot Morison, The Oxford History of the American People, Oxford, 1965
- Nevins1852: Allan Nevins, Ordeal of the Union: A House Dividing 1852-1857, Scribners, 1947
- Nevins/Commager: Allan Nevins and Henry Steele Commager, A Short History of the United States, fifth edition, Alfred A. Knopf, 1966
- Newman: Peter C. Newman, Company of Adventurers, (a history of the Hudson’s Bay Company), Penguin Canada, 1985; hardcover by Viking, 1985
- PresElectII: Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., Fred L. Israel, and William P. Hansen, editors, History of American Presidential Elections, Volume II (1848-1896), Chelsea House, 1971
- Randall/Donald: J. G. Randall, The Civil War and Reconstruction, second edition revised by David Donald, D. C. Heath and Company, 1961
- Rutkow: Ira Rutkow, James A. Garfield, Times Books, 2006
- Settle: William A. Settle, Jr., Jesse James Was His Name, University of Missouri Press, 1966; Bison Books, 1977
- Stacey: C. P. Stacey, Quebec, 1759: The Siege and the Battle, Macmillan Canada, 1959, 1966
- Whelan: Joseph Whelan, Invading Mexico: America’s Continental Dream and the Mexican War 1846-1848, Carroll & Graf, 2007
- Wilder: Laura Ingalls Wilder, the “Little House” books: Little House in the Big Woods, Little House on the Prairie, On the Banks of Plum Creek (N.B. this is the Minnesota volume), By the Shores of Silver Lake, The Long Winter, Little Town on the Prairie, These Happy Golden Years, Harper & Row, 1932-1943
- Woodworth: Steven E. Woodworth, Nothing But Victory: The Army of the Tennessee, 1861-1865, 2005; paperback edition by Vintage Books 2006.
- Yeatman: Ted P. Yeatman, Frank and Jesse James: The Story Behind the Legend, Cumberland House, 2002
- Zochert: Donald Zochert, Laura: The Life of Laura Ingalls Wilder, 1976; Avon paperback edition 1977
The following lists are of songbooks about particular occupations or activities of particular interest of Minnesotans. Not all of these were cited in the Heritage Songbook, but they are of particular interest to anyone studying these fields.
Early Popular Music
- James J. Fuld, The Book of World-Famous Music: Classical, Popular and Folk fourth edition, Dover, 1995.
- Richard Jackson, Popular Songs of Nineteenth-Century
America, Dover, 1976
- Sigmund Spaeth, A History of Popular Music in America, Random House, 1948
- Sigmund Spaeth, Read ‘Em and Weep, Revised Edition, Arco, 1945
- Sigmund Spaeth, Weep Some More, My Lady, Doubleday, 1927
Great Lakes Sailors’ Songs
- Ivan H. Walton & Joe Grimm, Windjammers: Songs of the Great Lakes
Sailors (music transcriptions by Lee Murdock), Wayne State University Press, 2002. Walton collected the sailors’ music for many years, but then abandoned the project, so it was only completed after his death. Sadly, he collected songs from almost everywhere around the Lakes except Minnesota. Includes a CD of field recordings of Lakes songs.
- Earl Clifton Beck, Songs of the Michigan Lumberjacks,, 1941.
- William Main Doerflinger, Songs of the Sailor and Lumberman, revised edition, Macmillan, 1972 (first edition, 1951, published as Shantymen and Shantyboys)
- Edith Fowke, Lumbering Songs from the Northern Woods (musical transcriptions by Norman Cazden), American Folklore Society/University of
Texas Press, 1970.
- Roland Palmer Gray, Songs and Ballads of the Maine Lumberjacks (with Other Songs from Maine), Cambridge, 1925
- Franz Rickaby, Ballads and Songs of the Shanty-Boy, Harvard University Press, 1926. (This is the one logging collection with much Minnesota material.)
The Mississippi River
- B. A. Botkin, A Treasury of Mississippi River Folklore, American Legacy, 1955
- Mary Wheeler, Steamboatin’ Days: Folk Songs of the River Packet Era,
Louisiana State University, 1944
Non-English Folk Songs
Note: This list does not include books of Dakota or Ojibwe material, which are simply too large a task for one CD-ROM….
- Theodore C. Blegen and Martin B. Ruud, Norwegian Emigrant Songs and Ballads (with song harmonizations by Gunnra J. Malmin), Arno Press, 1936, 1979
- Joyce E. Hakala, The Rowan Tree: The Lifework of Marjorie Edgar with her Finnish Folk Song Collection Songs from Metsola, Pikebone Music, 2007. Note: Much of this material can be heard in field recordings in the Library of Congress, collected by Sidney Robertson Cowell, who gathered songs throughout the Midwest and worked with Edgar in Minnesota.